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Medievalist Professor Answers Medieval Questions From Twitter | Tech Support | WIRED

Professor of English and Medieval Literature Dr. Dorsey Armstrong answers your questions about the Middle Ages from Twitter. Why is it called the “Middle” Ages? What activities did people do for fun? Why were animals tried in court for crimes? Answers to these questions and many more await—it’s Medieval Support. Director: Lisandro Perez-Rey Director of…



Professor of English and Medieval Literature Dr. Dorsey Armstrong answers your questions about the Middle Ages from Twitter. Why is it called the “Middle” Ages? What activities did people do for fun? Why were animals tried in court for crimes? Answers to these questions and many more await—it’s Medieval Support.

Director: Lisandro Perez-Rey
Director of Photography: Constantine Economides
Editor: Alex Mechanik
Expert: Dr. Dorsey Armstrong
Line Producer: Joseph Buscemi
Associate Producer: Paul Gulyas; Brandon White
Production Manager: Peter Brunette
Casting Producer: Nicholas Sawyer
Camera Operator: Christopher Eustache
Sound Mixer: Sean Paulsen
Production Assistant: Kelsey Barnhart
Post Production Supervisor: Christian Olguin
Post Production Coordinator: Ian Bryant
Supervising Editor: Doug Larsen
Assistant Editor: Andy Morell

00:00 Medieval Support
00:11 Medieval English
00:57 Middle Ages
01:40 Red Wedding
03:19 Sleep Cycles
04:34 Torture Devices
05:15 Medieval Castle
06:17 Motes
06:50 Hygiene
07:26 Black Death
08:19 Infant Mortality
09:37 Animal Depictions
10:27 For Fun
11:04 Court Jesters
11:57 Jousting
12:47 Animal Crime
14:02 King Arthur
15:11 Sword Naming
15:41 Vikings
16:56 Medieval Women
18:13 Holy Grail

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  1. @daviddobinson467

    June 18, 2024 at 8:27 pm

    14:10 Glostonbury??? That’s an A not an O it’s Glastonbury

  2. @fayelitzinger9824

    June 18, 2024 at 8:29 pm

    why did Middle English “temptation” sound so much like XXXTENTACION 😆

  3. @yonatanchapal7800

    June 18, 2024 at 8:31 pm

    Please bring her back!

  4. @Jay_kay_bee

    June 18, 2024 at 8:32 pm

    What a wonderful teacher!

  5. @TheSherlockHomez

    June 18, 2024 at 8:37 pm

    I am German and when I write the english word knight, I read it in my head in medieval english! Who knew!!

  6. @chadfanton9994

    June 18, 2024 at 8:39 pm

    Great video!

  7. @suicideistheanswer369

    June 18, 2024 at 8:46 pm

    Do people just forget that people in olden times were people, too, just like them?

  8. @johnbinstead8544

    June 18, 2024 at 8:53 pm

    I’m just here for the twitter handle names

  9. @FredzDimension

    June 18, 2024 at 8:55 pm

    the only downside about the name Iron Maiden is that my sibling won’t stop ranting about how it wasn’t real when I am listening to the band

  10. @ismaelhall3990

    June 18, 2024 at 8:59 pm

    You can tell she loved her profession.

  11. @lutra-lutra

    June 18, 2024 at 9:00 pm

    ciepło mi się zrobiło na sercu, gdy usłyszałam, że gdzieś tam leży zakurzony średniowieczny manuskrypt naznaczony kocimi łapkami🐱❤

  12. @3devv4

    June 18, 2024 at 9:01 pm

    This was excellent – Professor provides info in such clear way, so fascinating a topic – Pls invite her back again – w/watch hour w/her. Thank you

  13. @zerjiozerjio

    June 18, 2024 at 9:02 pm

    Dr. Armstrong is an awesome medievalist. My favorite professors as an English major were usually the ones who focused on medieval art, history, or literature. The Old English dirty riddles, the silly Canterbury Tales, the Romanesque architecture we had at UCLA, the history of mystics and witches, illustrated manuscripts. love stories like the one of Heloise and Abelard, the history of Islamic Spain… what is NOT to love about the Middle Ages?!

  14. @aaaaaa-wd3eb

    June 18, 2024 at 9:03 pm

    around 16:30 that map is missing half of Denmark

  15. @tara-rs6yy

    June 18, 2024 at 9:04 pm

    BLESSED!!!!! please bring her back wired i need more

  16. @Mermare

    June 18, 2024 at 9:07 pm

    I effing love her! Check out her lectures. She’s relatable, easy to listen to, and 100 Percent awesome.

  17. @GeneralLeia

    June 18, 2024 at 9:15 pm

    Dr Armstrong rocks! That was great.

  18. @LaurelsChannel

    June 18, 2024 at 9:16 pm

    Fun fact: there is an outbreak of the Black Death annually in Madagascar. WHO is keeping it at bay. For now.

  19. @andrewstallings6548

    June 18, 2024 at 9:18 pm

    Oh wow! Her lectures on the black death are incredible. Easy to find.

  20. @blackspectre209

    June 18, 2024 at 9:20 pm

    Wow this woman is classy.
    Hustory class would of been way better with her as a teacher, on point.

  21. @erinmccall2255

    June 18, 2024 at 9:21 pm

    Top video material! ❤

  22. @muchograssyarse

    June 18, 2024 at 9:21 pm

    Irl… would twins have higher chances of deformed offspring?

  23. @jaydoggy9043

    June 18, 2024 at 9:22 pm

    I love the talk about games. King Alfanso X of Spain wrote a whole book of his favourite board games. Among them a four-person version of chess where each one represented a different season. Another one a seven-player version of backgammon where each person represented one of the classic planets.

  24. @bloop5337

    June 18, 2024 at 9:24 pm

    that greyhound story is just the story of gelert?

  25. @astarothgaming1300

    June 18, 2024 at 9:27 pm

    “Wake up at midnight” then there’s me going to bed at 12:30 am 😂

  26. @4c3fr3h1y

    June 19, 2024 at 6:10 pm

    They should team her up with a medieval archeologist and just let them relay back and forth on questions like these

  27. @dumbo8583

    June 19, 2024 at 6:13 pm

    So Ser Davos Seaworth was not that off on his pronounciation of the word knight

  28. @BaileyBlurbs

    June 19, 2024 at 6:27 pm

    Ok MAKE THIS A SERIES!!! Professor Armstrong is SO engaging.

  29. @k1ngN0rk

    June 19, 2024 at 6:28 pm

    Why 10pm – 6am is not a natural cycle!?

  30. @cariboubearmalachy1174

    June 19, 2024 at 6:35 pm

    This is Spoiler Support, not Tech Support.

  31. @TonnyCassidy

    June 19, 2024 at 6:36 pm

    13:17 medieval furry art lol

  32. @cariboubearmalachy1174

    June 19, 2024 at 6:49 pm

    Of course Eleanor of Aquitaine

  33. @mara3842

    June 19, 2024 at 7:03 pm

    I spat out the food I was eating when she said “knight”

  34. @Mo-nz2uv

    June 19, 2024 at 7:06 pm

    This is hands down one of the best videos I have ever seen! So much information out there to think about 😮

  35. @samanthac.349

    June 19, 2024 at 7:24 pm

    So, Mediaeval English sounds like Scottish? That’s awesome!😂

  36. @darer7158

    June 19, 2024 at 7:29 pm

    14:52 what do you mean they lost the cross, shes holding it right here!! Get her!!

  37. @jsullivan2112

    June 19, 2024 at 7:34 pm

    What French are you speaking???

  38. @simonreij6668

    June 19, 2024 at 7:46 pm

    absolutely brilliant thankyou allgoodx

  39. @nogger9185

    June 19, 2024 at 7:52 pm

    Calling the Kievan Rus the Middle East is a bit of a blunder

  40. @Ca7iburn

    June 19, 2024 at 7:53 pm

    Says Middle East, points to Eastern Europe.

    Had a few question marks of um… is it though? Maybe. Will have to fact check. But the map was a bit haphazard.

  41. @skywalker996

    June 19, 2024 at 7:54 pm

    ukraine is not in the middle east, wtf is she talking about 16:38

  42. @jsullivan2112

    June 19, 2024 at 7:55 pm

    Survivors that encountered plague were genetically immune, this has already been proven.

  43. @bookaufman9643

    June 19, 2024 at 7:57 pm

    This is my first time seeing professor Armstrong. I’ve read her book on the Black plague but I have never seen her live on anything. I’m 57 so she’s exactly my type. Lol.😊

  44. @MariaMartinez-researcher

    June 19, 2024 at 8:03 pm

    15:19. In Spain, historic and legendary Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar, aka El Cid, hero of the first epic poem written in early Spanish, the “Cantar de Mío Cid,” was fighting the Moors that at the time owned most of Spain. He had two fine swords: Tizona and Colada.
    I’d wish to point out that the Middle Ages didn’t happen in England and part of France only. They happened in Europe, each country with its own character, and people in Africa, Asia, the Americas, were living their own historical periods, which did not depend on the Roman Empire or the Renaissance.

  45. @inmydarkesthour2278

    June 19, 2024 at 8:14 pm

    The monk circled and wrote the name of the cat that peed on the book??!!! I need to see this lol

  46. @blakemccabe15

    June 19, 2024 at 8:37 pm

    so is the sleep style they did back then better than we have today? sleep health is a big thing in science

  47. @blakemccabe15

    June 19, 2024 at 8:50 pm

    what are your thoughts on hildegaard von bingen?


    June 19, 2024 at 8:50 pm

    what an incredible woman

  49. @amyhull754

    June 19, 2024 at 9:03 pm


  50. @luciajimenezdonati530

    June 19, 2024 at 9:14 pm

    Por favor como amo estos videos, me dan los conocimientos básicos para opinar sobre CUALQUIER COSA y ser insoportable

  51. @MichaelMacrone

    June 20, 2024 at 2:12 pm

    How many cuts are in this video? A couple hundred?

  52. @JimC

    June 20, 2024 at 2:40 pm

    0:17 “A good shorthand way to figure out what medieval English sounds like is to take all vowels and pronounce them as you would in French”

    Okay so far. The “e” in “wife” wouldn’t be pronounced, as in French “gauche”.

    0:26 “and pronounce every letter.”

    That conflicts with the first part. I think you meant *_consonant,_* not *_letter._*

    Also, the popup at 0:55 leaves out the “in French” part, so the example pronunciation of “wife” directly contradicts “pronounce every letter”. Again, “consonant”, not “letter.”

  53. @sashabrown1796

    June 20, 2024 at 2:44 pm

    “What did they do for fun?” seems like a fake Q. We know people amuse themselves in the same ways as always right? Right? We cant be that far out of touch.

  54. @diegoox769delamota9

    June 20, 2024 at 2:48 pm

    More videos with her

  55. @brightphoebus

    June 20, 2024 at 2:59 pm

    Glostenberry? Perhaps you mean Glastonbury? (um, pronunciation…)

  56. @patmcgroin6916

    June 20, 2024 at 3:13 pm

    Hey, Monty Python found the grail!

    Oh wait, no they did not…

  57. @matthewmayo8299

    June 20, 2024 at 3:22 pm

    Smart and hot. Wowza.

  58. @mcnorcan

    June 20, 2024 at 3:31 pm

    Outstanding presentation.

  59. @brittgayle467

    June 20, 2024 at 3:35 pm

    This is one of the best ones!

  60. @DrinkableMeat

    June 20, 2024 at 3:55 pm

    Had no idea they slept in two phases

  61. @seangarmire

    June 20, 2024 at 4:04 pm

    All great, except she thinks wolves were a danger to medieval europeans, which they were not

  62. @ozzyistheking21

    June 20, 2024 at 5:01 pm

    Lol she’s a medieval historian not a sleep expert. Not sure why she says 10pm to 6am isn’t a regular cycle.

  63. @madgds

    June 20, 2024 at 5:02 pm

    Mother Fredegund did the red wedding before Scotland did 💅

  64. @michaelshort2388

    June 20, 2024 at 5:09 pm

    Thank you r. Dorsey this was actually one of the most interesting of these videos i’ve seen.:)

  65. @janefromcanada6943

    June 20, 2024 at 5:31 pm

    Cool video!! What a neat idea to do a q&a !!!

  66. @fidelogos7098

    June 20, 2024 at 5:33 pm

    Love this video! Love the Plantagenets! Eleanor of Aquitaine is my favorite too.

  67. @Cookie0fPower

    June 20, 2024 at 5:33 pm

    Awesome video.

  68. @aben4628

    June 20, 2024 at 5:36 pm

    Do you think because henry VII and Elizabeth of York married and ended the war then jon and Danny will marry and end the war somehow

  69. @craigedgar2819

    June 20, 2024 at 6:13 pm

    What about Edgar the peaceful?

  70. @liamaugust

    June 20, 2024 at 6:36 pm

    please more history. of any place, in any area. i can’t get enough of these history episodes

  71. @s.stinnett3972

    June 20, 2024 at 6:43 pm

    I wonder if that old sleep pattern is the origin of the “midnight snack” portion of modern sleep patterns 🧐

  72. @valarya

    June 20, 2024 at 7:06 pm

    Why did the Vikings loot and pillage? Well, there were too many young men with nothing to do. 😂 Classic.

  73. @catherinerobilliard7662

    June 20, 2024 at 8:02 pm

    So my sleep pattern in retirement is natural and healthier? Yay me zzzzz

  74. @nikkimae813

    June 20, 2024 at 8:37 pm

    I’d love a Tudor expert on here

  75. @uncletiggermclaren7592

    June 20, 2024 at 8:37 pm

    Dr Armstrong, that was thoroughly enjoyable, you have a very natural presentation style. Thank you.
    Re the plague Dr’s suits, Daniel Defoe wrote about the Great Plague of London. He was five when it ended, but lived through later plague epidemics though not as severe. Historians have rated highly his “journal” for its accurate depiction of medical practices at the time of the Great Plague.

    What I always found extremely interesting is he writes about a ( fictitious, obviously ) husband and wife team of corpse collectors. They had survived for a long time, though handling bodies, and had competing ideas of how to keep themselves safe.
    I forget the whole list of things they did, but one of them had a full suit of leather clothes that they kept soaked in vinegar. This was in the first round of the epidemic, when it was being spread by fleas and was called Bubonic plague.
    Vinegar leather clothes that were full body, might not keep absolutely 100% of fleas off you, but they would have a very good chance.
    Might even lessen your exposure to the pneumonic plague but not as effectively of course.

  76. @clarkpatient7950

    June 21, 2024 at 11:21 am

    I genuinely think this is the best person youve ever had for this series. I love the way she explains things. A true mother

  77. @Hydrocarbonateable

    June 21, 2024 at 12:34 pm

    Dying to ask this lady about what really went down during masquerade balls and feast days and things. I hear tell they were basically swinger parties? And did the courtly love knights actually have affairs with the women? So curious about the cultural rules that got around monogamy for the sole purpose of keeping marriages functioning by letting people let off steam…

  78. @RealBradMiller

    June 21, 2024 at 12:44 pm

    I mean, chainlink earrings and necklace? Sold. Teach me everything.

  79. @roberth8254

    June 21, 2024 at 1:03 pm

    Medieval English is so derpy sounding lmao 😂

  80. @queeringarthurpodcast

    June 21, 2024 at 1:08 pm

    dr. armstrong is amazing! her great courses on king arthur got me so interested in arthuriana that i started my youtube channel!

  81. @roberth8254

    June 21, 2024 at 1:16 pm

    The role of the jesters is just INSANE! Imagine having to play a fool 80% of the time while juggling being the only source of true honesty and sanity a noble would hear

  82. @thescandinavian8339

    June 21, 2024 at 2:04 pm

    Middle english sounds surprisingly like Danish… Apparently.

  83. @luxpursuits

    June 21, 2024 at 2:33 pm

    Margaret of Anjou wasn’t anywhere near the brutality of Cercei.

  84. @incensejunkie7516

    June 21, 2024 at 2:53 pm

    This was fabulous, I could listen to her all day!

    For the scent-phobic: you will get olfactory fatigue, as it’s known, if you regularly smell a scent long enough. So while we would find it horrifically smelly, they would be used to those smells, for the most part. We’ve all had the experience of being close to someone whose fragrance is off the charts – it’s the same thing. Originally they would spray the scent once or twice then eventually they can’t smell it anymore and think it’s either getting old and there’s less scent in the fragrance, or they actually didn’t spray and then put on more fragrance. The rest of us on the subway are about to faint but they can barely smell it.

    And THANK YOU for dispelling that worn myth that people dropped dead at 40. Childbirth would have been the early killer of women, and accidents and/or war for men, but people definitely lived well beyond midlife if they survived childhood, illness and the two main killers I already mentioned.

  85. @redmanish

    June 21, 2024 at 3:03 pm

    Her jewelry that looks like chainmail is ICONIC

  86. @aaronleverton4221

    June 21, 2024 at 3:37 pm

    Fool: Richard and John had the same mother. One was a Norman, what was the other?

    No scene in the lists will ever top Jabberwocky.

  87. @sandskull90

    June 21, 2024 at 3:41 pm

    Oh good so I don’t have a french accent, I have a medieval accent. 😂

  88. @t3hjnz

    June 21, 2024 at 4:22 pm

    This is my favouite [x] support video to date. Dr. Dorsey is amazing!

  89. @Maphisto86

    June 21, 2024 at 4:30 pm

    Dr. Dorsey Armstrong was incredibly knowledgeable and an excellent presenter of history in a fun and engaging way. Please have her back. 👏

  90. @casperado666

    June 21, 2024 at 4:54 pm

    16:41 – ah the Middle ages, back when Ukraine used to be Middle East, aparently xD

  91. @Norpionxx

    June 21, 2024 at 4:59 pm

    1:33 Quick sidenote: The cologne cathedral shown there was started being build around 1250 but it wasn’t finished, thus didn’t look like this picture, until 1880

  92. @BriefDownpour

    June 21, 2024 at 5:12 pm

    13:55 Well, if I didn’t have enough reasons to not be catholic before now I definitely do.

  93. @DiabolicalAngel

    June 21, 2024 at 5:19 pm

    So early English sounds like it was spoken in an Irish accent kind of. So fascinating.

    This woman is fantastic ❤

  94. @ioanasingureanu

    June 21, 2024 at 5:37 pm

    Amazing 😅😊

  95. @leahmoore6820

    June 21, 2024 at 5:59 pm

    Someone online brought up the Black Death when the Covid vaccine was introduced. Same question? Same answer. THEY DIED.

  96. @Maleni143

    June 21, 2024 at 6:20 pm

    This was great!! Thank you!

  97. @samanthapayne7661

    June 21, 2024 at 7:26 pm


  98. @MrAlexoe2000

    June 21, 2024 at 7:40 pm

    im loving this videos

  99. @GrahamCLester

    June 21, 2024 at 8:53 pm

    Love the brevity and clarity of these answers.

  100. @spoinkable2217

    June 21, 2024 at 9:04 pm

    I may have only just met this woman, but I would die for her.

  101. @sabretoothMajs

    June 22, 2024 at 1:17 pm

    So swedish and old english is the same

  102. @demoui7

    June 22, 2024 at 1:51 pm

    “…the monks circled it (cat peed on manuscript) and noted which cat had done this to the manuscript”
    Those are the funniest monks I’ve ever heard of

  103. @davisoaresalves5179

    June 22, 2024 at 2:17 pm

    History was my favorite subject at school .

  104. @davisoaresalves5179

    June 22, 2024 at 2:21 pm

    Windsor is also my favorite medieval castle.

  105. @garrettfields6972

    June 22, 2024 at 2:23 pm

    I bet if shadavercity saw this he would have a heart attach.

  106. @kimwhitehead9096

    June 22, 2024 at 2:25 pm

    Is she a REAL specialist? Or a revisionist?

  107. @christophercasey7388

    June 22, 2024 at 2:43 pm

    I think I’m in love…

  108. @janaminerva

    June 22, 2024 at 3:04 pm

    I’m not usually very interested in history but I could listen to this lady all day

  109. @hoofhearted4

    June 22, 2024 at 3:12 pm

    so Mediveval sounds Irish?

  110. @asuka_the_void_witch

    June 22, 2024 at 4:10 pm

    why were ancient europeans such absolute buffoons

  111. @YerDa67

    June 22, 2024 at 4:36 pm

    Scotland 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿

  112. @jessicathecrazy

    June 22, 2024 at 4:41 pm

    I love her! I have several of her great courses audibles. I may have made some of coworkers (pre-Covid) listen to her courses on the Black Death and Women of the Middle Ages. I just fangirled for a minute.

  113. @paperkay

    June 22, 2024 at 4:46 pm

    Ye, there’s another Red Wedding-like episode in Scotland – I forget which castle, but it’s about a castle – in which a girl, in love with the rival clan’s young heir, warns them her father’s feist is a ruse and they all slaughter one another, including the father of the girl chasing her around, catching her when she is trying to get out through the window, cutting off her hands with a sword so she falls to her death and then being killed himself. Fun times all around, Middle Ages.

  114. @Plan73

    June 22, 2024 at 4:49 pm

    I’m baffled about the rudeness of some questions: how the f**k this, how the f**k that. You are asking questions to a professor, not to your friend on tiktok! Jesus…

  115. @VeraDonna

    June 22, 2024 at 5:01 pm

    I could listen to her 4 hours straight. 😍

  116. @jklappenbach

    June 22, 2024 at 5:14 pm

    I would love to subscribe to this woman’s feed, if she has one. She needs to do more YouTubes. What a window into the past,

  117. @mike200017

    June 22, 2024 at 6:40 pm

    Medieval people drew pictures of cats doing funny things. We make videos of cats doing funny things. There is comfort in that.

  118. @chazhoosier2478

    June 22, 2024 at 7:18 pm

    Holy crap, I took a class on Chaucer with this professor 20 years ago!

  119. @Daniel-fi7jp

    June 22, 2024 at 7:20 pm

    Now I’m going down the Arthurian Legend rabbit hole

  120. @michaelflores1362

    June 22, 2024 at 7:28 pm

    Did the Aztecs, Incas, Khmers, Mongols, Ottomans, Japanese Shogunates, peoples of the Sri Vijaya and Majapahit empires, etc. live in Medieval times? Sounds like they never existed at all.

  121. @hanna-lo4pt

    June 22, 2024 at 7:29 pm

    You should a regular person on this series just answering regular questions

  122. @Lucretciela

    June 22, 2024 at 7:59 pm

    There was also another red wedding of sorts, the Bartholomew’s Day, massacre of French Huguenots in 1572, which I think would be considered the end of the Middle Ages…?

  123. @cutterholt3987

    June 22, 2024 at 8:04 pm

    As a fan of Avenue 5. I imagined they would all sound like sea lions.

  124. @cass2239

    June 22, 2024 at 8:16 pm

    The vikings absolutely did know what a church was, they’d been trading with north Europe for centuries and they specifically targeted places like Lindisfarne BECAUSE they knew what it was and that it would be poorly defended.

  125. @ronin2963

    June 22, 2024 at 8:49 pm

    I would like to say that is a very nice rose MacBook. No help desk tech uses a MacBook. That means this is fake tech support. I think you are really a professor pretending to be tech support.

  126. @kelseyswanepoel7056

    June 23, 2024 at 5:35 am

    But the idea of the devil/satan did not exist during that period.

  127. @Locked0Out

    June 23, 2024 at 7:05 am

    The best part of this is when they get to the part where some weeb says some nonsense about anime they completely cut that part so they can move on to the parts that aren’t stoopit

  128. @GeanAmiraku

    June 23, 2024 at 7:35 am

    9:20 Honestly, even without all those dangers, a child can easily simply get lost in the woods and never be found. It’s way too easy to get lost, especially if you start feeling too comfortable about directions and it’s getting dark.

  129. @Beautiful_Doors_of_Sweden

    June 23, 2024 at 8:47 am

    What about Stockholm bloodbath? Its kinda similar to red wedding. Well its not the same but similar enough 😄

  130. @whyilee

    June 23, 2024 at 8:55 am

    Which church is it that is shown at 1:35 please?

    • @ladycymbeline

      June 23, 2024 at 7:10 pm

      It’s an engraving of Cologne Cathedral in Germany.

    • @whyilee

      June 23, 2024 at 7:47 pm

      @@ladycymbeline thank you!!

  131. @Genesh

    June 23, 2024 at 9:42 am

    This woman is amazing! I really like her explanations about the legend of King Arthur. I hope that she starts doing more stuff like this.

  132. @giannaearhart1529

    June 23, 2024 at 10:08 am

    I LOVE when Wired brings historians in. 🫶

  133. @isakdouglas

    June 23, 2024 at 10:46 am

    Still pissed they killed my great-great-great-…-great-great-grandcousins

  134. @andchi2000

    June 23, 2024 at 11:05 am

    With regards to the red wedding; Sweden had a similar thing in the early 1300’s, when a king tricked his two brothers, imprisoned them and let them starve to death.

  135. @xuanxuan3497

    June 23, 2024 at 11:07 am

    I loved how she narrated Galahad’s grail story in the end, like, “wtf a cliff hanger?”

  136. @highfive7689

    June 23, 2024 at 11:10 am

    How many Dark Ages and Middle Ages peasants were really Christians? I understand that many clergy focused on their religious efforts on the aristocrats and the peasantry said they were to avoid “unpleasantries”.

  137. @gabenvandenbrink9114

    June 23, 2024 at 11:46 am

    So incredibly interesting! Loved this so much!

  138. @Your_President_Kanye_East

    June 23, 2024 at 11:58 am

    11:26 That’s also *my* signature performance, I always do it on a first date. Strangely, I don’t have a rich love live and many romantic memories.

  139. @alex_yates

    June 23, 2024 at 2:52 pm

    Shout out to my ancestors for surviving all the plagues 👋

  140. @phemstros

    June 23, 2024 at 3:04 pm

    This was a great episode! More like this, and more of her people have loads of questions about the middle ages. It was my focus of study and I think it is very unappreciated. People would enjoy it!

  141. @zeansaliendra6044

    June 23, 2024 at 3:12 pm

    0:44 Medieval English sounds like Trixie Mattel doing her Swedish accent.

  142. @nickp4084

    June 23, 2024 at 4:20 pm

    I never knew about the different sleep practices. It’s incredible that it’s not common knowledge.

  143. @Rocketsong

    June 23, 2024 at 4:40 pm

    That middle English honestly sounds like pronounce every other word like either French or German.

  144. @99fruitbat94

    June 23, 2024 at 5:19 pm

    The Red Wedding was based on Scottish history ! I don’t know if as a Scottish person if I should be proud or ashamed

  145. @Eyrenni

    June 23, 2024 at 5:25 pm

    Also, the Black Death wasn’t a virus, it’s a bacteria. So a vaccine, even if they had one, wouldn’t have done anything. But that’s also why, if you get it today… you get a specific type of antibiotic perscribed. Because yes, the Black Death, bubonic plague, Yersinia pestis, “a beloved child has many names”, still exists today. Enjoy. Especially looking up latest outbreaks and where people have caught it before. That’s fun. 🙂

  146. @Serai3

    June 23, 2024 at 5:56 pm

    9:52 As James Burke said, medieval artists knew what things looked like – they just had different priorities when it came to throwing paint around.
    12:59 The Colin Firth film, “The Advocate”, involves this practice of bringing animals to court.
    13:22 The French film, “Sorceress”, involves a version of this story about the holy greyhound.
    18:40 Yes, Monty Python’s film was accurate in that nobody ever actually found the Grail, except, as you say, for Galahad, who in the movie famously gets taken in by a Grail-shaped beacon. (It was hilariously accurate in a number of ways, which is hardly surprising seeing as how Terry Jones had a degree in Medieval history.)

  147. @FlorenceB12

    June 23, 2024 at 6:36 pm

    Well done! Thank you.

  148. @AnnaCurser

    June 23, 2024 at 7:34 pm

    medievil english just sounds like swedish

  149. @ikeekieeki

    June 23, 2024 at 7:52 pm

    awesome video, informative and fun

  150. @madisonratto1131

    June 23, 2024 at 8:02 pm

    We need a whole series of medieval history videos with her! And someone should start a petition for that dog to actually be a saint.

  151. @karinampadron3014

    June 25, 2024 at 1:29 pm

    I want to watch this woman for hours. Why is she so awesome?

  152. @tatyanaamineva1394

    June 25, 2024 at 1:37 pm

    So, they were talking Medieval English in Twin Peaks….! Got it

  153. @nkcjulie

    June 25, 2024 at 1:47 pm

    When a professional pronounces is “mid-evil,’ we truly are lost.

  154. @brianstephens7572

    June 25, 2024 at 1:56 pm

    Sounds like modern Scottish

  155. @Supermateo97

    June 25, 2024 at 2:27 pm

    “How did humanity survive the Black Death without vaccines?”
    “They did not-“

    LOL. Love this lady.

  156. @SeaWitchinSeattle

    June 25, 2024 at 2:29 pm


  157. @elin_

    June 25, 2024 at 2:46 pm

    Wanna experience medieval times? Go to MENA.

  158. @GiveBackAll

    June 25, 2024 at 3:06 pm

    Infant mortality was 80% in the CITY, not in the country

  159. @MrRandominternetname

    June 25, 2024 at 3:11 pm

    Love her chainmail necklace

  160. @NMN_CP

    June 25, 2024 at 3:26 pm

    Bring her back!

  161. @wayneivey9583

    June 25, 2024 at 3:55 pm

    Hot for teacher ❤
    Look me up if you’re ever in Vegas 😊

  162. @Anon0nline

    June 25, 2024 at 4:43 pm

    Medieval English sounds an aweful lot like a cross between Scottish and Irish, which makes sense.

  163. @brinnthehuman

    June 25, 2024 at 5:35 pm

    please her reading of the lord’s prayer sounds like Trixie’s “Swedish” accent

  164. @aprili.3802

    June 25, 2024 at 5:47 pm

    This was fascinating!

  165. @TheHonestPeanut

    June 25, 2024 at 5:56 pm

    White people in history are weird.

  166. @liascofoxtail

    June 25, 2024 at 6:11 pm

    Amazing, been listening to her Great Courses lectures for ages so good

  167. @tracybonilla7877

    June 25, 2024 at 6:32 pm

    Omg so many questions! I need more time with herrrr

  168. @richardsanchez5444

    June 25, 2024 at 6:34 pm

    And here i was thinking my sleep is all fkked up, im just medieval.

  169. @JelloShots-wg6tz

    June 25, 2024 at 6:42 pm

    After the Battle of Sluys (1340), no one was brave enough to tell King Philip VI of France that his fleet had been destroyed. Eventually, his jester broke the news to him:
    ‘Oh the cowardly English! Oh, the faint-hearted English! Our knights are much braver than the English.’
    ‘How so?’ asked Philip.
    ‘The English do not dare to jump into the sea in full armour.’

  170. @user-ou2ny6cs6y

    June 25, 2024 at 6:42 pm

    I really like this speaker she doesn’t stick her nose at the past of which she studies regardless of many of the questions being ignorant yet pompous

  171. @pieceofpeace35

    June 25, 2024 at 6:52 pm

    I would listen to her talk for hours. Please bring her back. Does she have a Youtube channel?? A university where she lectures?? Should I get a degree in medieval studies???

  172. @Lucky008aau

    June 25, 2024 at 7:14 pm

    11:19 “Roland the Farter.” I read about him in “The Greatest Knight.”

  173. @LittleImpaler

    June 25, 2024 at 7:59 pm

    You can tell these people don’t know what the outside world is. Before the internet there was something called the outside.

  174. @abc121xyz

    June 25, 2024 at 8:03 pm

    medieval English reminds me of someone talking Irish

  175. @jaroldscottwilliams.3rd832

    June 25, 2024 at 8:21 pm

    *Holds up a authentic looking cross*
    Professor: “The cross has been lost.”
    *Me narrowing my eyes in suspicion.*
    Me: “Alright, Professor Indiana Jones. I see what happened here.”

  176. @GamerHyejuyo

    June 26, 2024 at 1:40 pm

    Hus does sounds like norsk

  177. @oleksandrbyelyenko435

    June 26, 2024 at 1:53 pm

    1:18 Renaissance starts in Italy in 13th century 😅

  178. @daodude5515

    June 26, 2024 at 1:58 pm

    This was a super interesting video! Broke a lot of the misconceptions I had about the time period especially around torture devices & the black death. Also, really neat to learn about the biphasic sleep that was prevalent in that time.

  179. @oleksandrbyelyenko435

    June 26, 2024 at 2:03 pm

    16:43 did she just called Ukraine Middle East? 😅 Why not say Eastern Europe?

  180. @youdidntseeanything8589

    June 26, 2024 at 2:13 pm

    I so thoroughly enjoyed this one ❤❤❤❤

  181. @nikevisor54

    June 26, 2024 at 2:41 pm

    How did they survive the Black Death is such a wild question

  182. @zabrinna6554

    June 26, 2024 at 2:58 pm

  183. @MetalGamer666

    June 26, 2024 at 3:01 pm

    16:28 – Objection! The Vikings weren’t that stupid. When they entered the churches and saw the expensive religious symbols, they for sure would have figured out what sort of building it was. If not long before that.

  184. @3lli0

    June 26, 2024 at 3:27 pm

    0:34 my dyslexia approves

  185. @robertjonsson797

    June 26, 2024 at 3:45 pm

    Here in Sweden the Middleage is between 1066 – 1521.

  186. @IkmelAAA

    June 26, 2024 at 3:54 pm

    So it kinda sounded like an Irish accent.

  187. @Aritul

    June 26, 2024 at 3:59 pm

    This is a great video. I love how knowledgeable this woman is. The biphasic sleep bit is super interesting! Thanks for the video, WIRED.

  188. @zacharymanuel8716

    June 26, 2024 at 4:22 pm

    The “they did not” at 7:29 took me out

  189. @S3Kglitches

    June 26, 2024 at 5:06 pm

    The territory in Russia where Vikings went is not Middle East lol

  190. @lucasjritter

    June 26, 2024 at 5:23 pm

    cool House of the Dragon AD HBO

  191. @kimlipslips1982

    June 26, 2024 at 5:50 pm

    If anyone is curious about the pronunciation of Middle English, I’d encourage you to also learn about the Great Vowel Shift, which is why a lot of the vowel sounds the professor makes sound completely different. It began in the 14th century, so more towards the end of the Middle ages. This is a very rough summary of this, but basically all long vowels charted on the English vowel diagram essentially shifted up a position, which also means tongue placement changed. However there are articulatory limits, so slowly modern English developed diphthongs, or 2 combined vowel sounds, like the /ai/ in bite. To get a rough idea of what Middle English sounded like, you need to reconstruct it by reversing these vowel changes. House, which has the diphthong /ou/, now becomes /hoose/. The GVS is immense and explains why English is so messed up even for native speakers. lmao

    I’m a linguistics major and I’d use IPA for more scientifically accurate examples, but not everyone can read IPA, so don’t judge me. ):

  192. @shush2000

    June 26, 2024 at 5:53 pm

    I’m very disappointed that she discussed castle defenses and didn’t discuss ditches, but is redeemed by her GoT lore.

  193. @smurfyday

    June 26, 2024 at 6:06 pm

    This is hilarious, and so informative.

  194. @Chasmodius

    June 26, 2024 at 6:11 pm

    This is all great, but it’s missing the MASSIVE caveat that we’re talking about a period of time of _several_ centuries and places as disparate in climate and culture as (the modern nations of) England, Germany, France, Italy, Denmark, Spain, etc. Things like sanitation, education, laws, and traditions (to name but a few) were VASTLY different over these many places, and over the many centuries in just one place. I think it does this era of history a bit of a disservice to lump it all together like we do.

  195. @petersage5157

    June 26, 2024 at 6:32 pm

    Pronounce every letter, huh? “You and your silly English k’niggits.”
    How did we survive viruses before vaccines? This is one way to get the founder effect in natural selection. The small percentage that was exposed to the virus and survived was far less diverse than the population that died off. Incidentally, this is also how we get vaccine- and antimicrobial-resistant “superbugs” – a small population survives exposure to the medicine and becomes the new dominant strain.
    Okay, so _The Court Jester_ was actually kinda period correct, at least about its title character. I never would have guessed. I suppose the whole “get in, get on with it, get it over with, and get out” would also have been as common back then as it, sadly, continues to be today. Amirite, ladies?

  196. @Avalance1000

    June 26, 2024 at 6:40 pm

    I love how she semms to reduce history of middle ages only to western Europe… come on, lets look at Malbork castle at least!

  197. @gatsby201041

    June 26, 2024 at 6:48 pm

    Hear me out…

  198. @oscarsagrastansbury768

    June 26, 2024 at 7:03 pm

    0:43 sounds a lottttt like @trixiemattel doing Swedish to me

  199. @mitchell5163

    June 26, 2024 at 7:58 pm

    I’m in love

  200. @patchworkpantsenjoyer

    June 26, 2024 at 8:43 pm

    this woman is who i want to be when i grow up 😭😭

  201. @danielkover7157

    June 27, 2024 at 10:32 am

    I had to laugh at the part about cats. Cats will be cats, ever and always. Walking across your homework, peeing on it. And one of those Aberdeen cats looks like it’s licking its nether region. 😂

  202. @danielkover7157

    June 27, 2024 at 10:37 am

    Hey, is that where we get the Saint Bernard? A canonized Swiss Alp rescue dog?

  203. @silveryfeather208

    June 27, 2024 at 10:55 am

    Ok, so I’m chinese and there are some cities that are really old and well, not modern china. It IS bad. I can only imagine. I’ve also been around asia where it’s probably like that. So idk what you mean by not that bad.

  204. @HeroesBosses

    June 27, 2024 at 11:33 am

    Bath time looked like a lot more fun in the middle ages. Food, live music and handjobs!

  205. @vickywilliams8320

    June 27, 2024 at 12:27 pm

    Eddie Izzard went toFriesland, andusing old English to buy a cow. So similar.

  206. @Evitaschannel

    June 27, 2024 at 12:42 pm

    16:22 I feel like the map is missing a lot of places, or im unsure what she understands “settlement” to be

  207. @BIGTempaa

    June 27, 2024 at 1:37 pm

    We need more information on Medieval cats 🐈

  208. @Femaiden

    June 27, 2024 at 3:17 pm

    I love how they drew the cat doing that thing where it puts it’s leg behind its head and licks its butt. . like hiw cats haven’t changed at all in almost 1000 years. .

  209. @CleverestStitch

    June 27, 2024 at 3:35 pm

    I want to see plague effects outside of Europe. Anyone know of any books on this subject?

  210. @constantinelimberakis6226

    June 27, 2024 at 4:04 pm

    Are you a Medievakist for Western Europe only? Because when you say the fall of the Roman Empire in 500, that really isn’t the fall of the Eastern Roman Empire. Unfortunately, it is typical that Western Europe is perceived as all of Europe.

  211. @carterwgtx

    June 27, 2024 at 4:40 pm

    Loved the answer to “how’d they survive the plague without vaccines” – they didn’t – they died. For normal people 1-2 in 5 children died before they were a year old and another 1-2 in five died before reaching adult hood…a broken arm could kill you. Listen to your doctors folks and get your shots – be grateful you live in a time where when you have a child you take for granted that they will survive into adulthood.

  212. @mariacau

    June 27, 2024 at 4:53 pm

    This woman is ROCK STAR. I could hear her for about 4 hours nonstop.

  213. @legoman716

    June 27, 2024 at 5:06 pm

    The medieval way of speak and pronouncing the words is much better than today’s way of speaking.
    Much mora logical

  214. @evgeniytsarkov5679

    June 27, 2024 at 5:27 pm

    Mmm… a remarkable necklace you have.

  215. @chickane5586

    June 27, 2024 at 5:52 pm

    Prof Armstong is awesome! More please!

  216. @JustSomebody5

    June 27, 2024 at 5:56 pm

    She’s the most ‘Teacher’ looking teacher I’ve seen in a long time.

  217. @willparks3429

    June 27, 2024 at 6:40 pm

    This is exactly how I remember people speaking growing up in the Ozarks

  218. @fenekku.kitsune

    June 27, 2024 at 6:44 pm

    Need more

  219. @wedgeantilles8575

    June 27, 2024 at 6:58 pm

    05:00 another famous example of a fake-torture device is the “pear”.
    There isn’t a single evidence that they actually existed, the things we see as “evidence” are either WAAAAY older and/or are in no way capable to do what they were supposed to do. They are just for show and not actually working.

  220. @MRHSD

    June 27, 2024 at 7:15 pm

    I have a new appreciation for this time period in history.

  221. @windemup5316

    June 27, 2024 at 7:21 pm

    I want to be told of by her in class.

  222. @marinomusico5768

    June 27, 2024 at 7:34 pm


  223. @Dwigglemoo

    June 27, 2024 at 7:44 pm

    the french story about the dog is a direct rip off of the welsh tale of Gelert!

  224. @lurategh

    June 27, 2024 at 8:01 pm

    I naturally do the second sleep cycle thing when there are no distractions. Before I knew it was a thing, I’d always wake up after my evening “nap” and go, nooo now it’ll take forever to fall back asleep! Little did I know it was a completely natural thing.

  225. @1RunnerDad

    June 27, 2024 at 8:18 pm

    Wow, she’s AWESOME!

  226. @harrynewiss4630

    July 4, 2024 at 4:42 pm

    How does a yank get to lecture us on this?

  227. @hakonsoreide

    July 4, 2024 at 4:48 pm

    It could (and probably should) have been pointed out that the Holy Grail was the ficitonal invention of Chrétien de Troyes in the late 12th Century. No mention of it existed before, and Thomas Mallory, who 300 years later was trying to tie all the threads of Arthurian legend together – and did it really well, I might add – simply had to include that in his story since so many others in the interim had latched onto the idea and included it in what we today should consider the obvious works of fiction that they are.

    The Holy Grail is nothing to do with history and only to do with literature.

  228. @SuperChicken666

    July 4, 2024 at 4:48 pm

    I love it when you speak Old English. ❤

  229. @aprilmacdonell2682

    July 4, 2024 at 4:56 pm

    I’m so impressed.

  230. @sophie4636

    July 4, 2024 at 5:09 pm

    I live in Glastonbury, which is mentioned!!!! I used to take my daughter around Glastonbury Abbey ehen she was a baby 😂

  231. @LeslieSolorzanov

    July 4, 2024 at 5:15 pm

    Please someone make a whole series with this woman!

  232. @SpoingusUnreal

    July 4, 2024 at 5:37 pm

    Roland the Farter mentioned

  233. @colemarbosili3405

    July 4, 2024 at 5:45 pm

    Thanks God I’ve born in this Era, otherwise he way they’ve been lived I would had become a criminal

  234. @stinkyklink

    July 4, 2024 at 5:49 pm

    Lead us not into xxxTentacion. Amen.

  235. @jardbinkley3144

    July 4, 2024 at 5:59 pm

    “Pronounce every letter…” –proceeds not to pronounce the E in “wife.”

    • @dawnvalentine74

      July 4, 2024 at 7:50 pm

      She did pronounce it. Just clipped.

    • @jardbinkley3144

      July 4, 2024 at 8:17 pm

      @@dawnvalentine74 Fun fact: the E is not supposed to be pronounced, actually.

  236. @dr-wz4gf

    July 4, 2024 at 6:22 pm

    ending is amazing lol

  237. @nephiilim

    July 4, 2024 at 6:45 pm

    the golden age in western europe. please make that distinction

  238. @TheMr02drop

    July 4, 2024 at 6:54 pm

    I could listen to this woman forever speak about the Middle Ages.

  239. @GravyBaby420

    July 4, 2024 at 7:12 pm

    so medieval english is a combination of scottish and french accents

  240. @donaldgrove2249

    July 4, 2024 at 7:16 pm

    You had me at “medieval support”! 😀

  241. @freshnorthwest6756

    July 4, 2024 at 7:17 pm

    of course someone EXTREMELY uneducated had to ask about vaccines lol all functional adults know what they are for and why they exist. Only parents that hate their kids want them to get deathly ill for no reason……to think they didnt find ways to have fun is absurd lol of course they found ways.

  242. @maxjefferison1654

    July 4, 2024 at 7:22 pm

    The early English example sounded strangely Welsh/Scottish to me. Besides the Temptation bit

  243. @NickRoman

    July 4, 2024 at 7:58 pm

    I am skeptical of this claim of what is or is not a natural sleep cycle. The comments must only apply to European latitudes. And in that range, going to sleep when it gets dark and getting up when it is light again, with a 2 or 3 hour waking in the middle of the night leaves one with rather little sleep during the summer. 6 hours?

  244. @CallmeRoth

    July 4, 2024 at 8:06 pm

    Medieval is quite broad. Over a thousand years broad.

  245. @carolined5923

    July 4, 2024 at 8:08 pm

    Great to hear what it sounded like thank you

  246. @brigitte5080

    July 4, 2024 at 8:08 pm

    Where has she been all my life????

  247. @tbrdmann

    July 4, 2024 at 8:10 pm

    You are seriously needed at every get together where folks are standing around trying to come up with something to talk about. I mean that as a compliment.

  248. @NickRoman

    July 4, 2024 at 8:16 pm

    Who are the people who write in to Wired? Seems like half of them are dropping f-bombs. The language seems strangely uncouth. Is it a thing among people in their 20s? And for some reason that’s 90 percent of those who write in?

  249. @Black_Knight48

    July 4, 2024 at 8:22 pm

    Why does Medieval English just sound like someone who had a Italian and Irish parents who had one too many beers on a Saturday ???

  250. @chenyilong9728

    July 4, 2024 at 8:55 pm

    This is amazing. You are amazing.

  251. @BonesyTucson

    July 5, 2024 at 5:15 pm

    Bring this Lady back and do another special – she’s great!

  252. @kessel12

    July 5, 2024 at 5:36 pm

    Nope. “Knight” was pronounced “keh-nig-it” by the French. I learned it in a documentary about a band of knights seeking the Holy Grail.

  253. @nicolethomas2893

    July 5, 2024 at 5:54 pm

    Chaucer accent 💛

  254. @donrider1390

    July 5, 2024 at 5:54 pm

    Really enjoyable, thank you

  255. @nathanrieben2925

    July 5, 2024 at 5:56 pm

    The chain-mail necklace is kind of cool.

  256. @thenickfoxx

    July 5, 2024 at 6:49 pm

    I’m a young man in my twenties. Im absolutely enamored with history. This woman is just so amazing. What a great vibe she gives off. Intelligent, well educated and her cadence is beautiful. I think I have a crush on this lady 😂.

  257. @corneliavilhelmsson6388

    July 5, 2024 at 6:53 pm

    The way you pronounced house as “hus” is exactly how we swedes pronounce the swedish word for house! House = hus, in swedish

  258. @MartinD9999

    July 5, 2024 at 7:16 pm

    Whoa whoa whoa….sleeping 7-9 hours in one sitting is NOT a natural human sleep cycle?

  259. @weeaboh

    July 5, 2024 at 7:33 pm

    i could watch five hours of this

  260. @nicholaspk

    July 5, 2024 at 7:34 pm

    This woman is great at explaining and teaching. She is passionate about this topic and she makes it fun to learn about.

  261. @tonyharrison2112

    July 5, 2024 at 7:50 pm

    The pronunciation of Glastonbury is actually unhinged lol.

  262. @BillMellman

    July 5, 2024 at 7:56 pm

    I want to take your class!

  263. @richardbennett4365

    July 5, 2024 at 7:57 pm

    This “professeuse” didnt even get past the very first word, wife, and get it right.

    She told us to pronounce all the vowels like the French pronounce theirs and sound every letter, and then she starts with the first word and DOESNT EVEN FOLLOW HER OWN RULE.

    SO hilarious. Ha ha ha ha.

    Oh, my goodness.

    Time to pass on this one. 😮

  264. @myalla88

    July 5, 2024 at 8:03 pm

    We still have feudal peasants they are called mortgage holders. You get your freedom after 30 years of service.

  265. @colinjava8447

    July 5, 2024 at 8:07 pm

    They sounded a bit irish I think.

  266. @Mikine931

    July 5, 2024 at 8:17 pm

    I would love to have this woman as my teacher!!

  267. @carolhallock09

    July 5, 2024 at 8:23 pm

    Did you teach at Purdue?? Between you and Randy Roberts, what a couple of winner professors! Go Boilers!

  268. @Loawercs31

    July 5, 2024 at 8:37 pm

    This woman was fantastic. She needs her own show.

  269. @samuelbarringer715

    July 5, 2024 at 8:41 pm

    Your black outfit reminds me what Elizabeth Woodville looked like in one of the paintings of Elizabeth Woodville.

  270. @jescruz5465

    July 5, 2024 at 8:45 pm

    I thought this was another cringey woke fest, but she’s very articulate and smart, I enjoyed her lecture.

  271. @DSprich

    July 5, 2024 at 8:48 pm

    Regarding naming a sword, artists sometimes name their instruments (guitars, etc). I think it might not have been a formal gesture, but just something to do with attachment or personal affinity.

  272. @davidfl4

    July 5, 2024 at 8:52 pm

    I wish this video were like 4 hours long this stuff is so fascinating especially the stuff about sleep

  273. @samuelbarringer715

    July 5, 2024 at 8:52 pm

    There are hundreds of millions of people who are descendants of Eleanor of Aquitaine.

  274. @WArockets

    July 5, 2024 at 8:57 pm

    So animals can be possessed by the devil but not be sainted? That’s double standards

  275. @Omomoification

    July 5, 2024 at 9:17 pm

    The presenter really does matter bc I had no interest in anything medieval but Dr. Armstrong made it interesting!

  276. @mattterry1255

    July 6, 2024 at 5:34 pm

    Durandal was just stolen! Noooo!!!

  277. @christines.5241

    July 6, 2024 at 6:14 pm

    Sounds similar to contemporary regional dialects in the UK

  278. @orourke116

    July 6, 2024 at 6:14 pm

    As far as life expectancy goes, you’ll find substantial evidence that says otherwise. This includes documented and archaeological finds.

  279. @MrWebster

    July 6, 2024 at 6:27 pm

    Oh this was just fun!!! see learning new things is fun.

  280. @balduinvontrier128

    July 6, 2024 at 6:34 pm

    I guess one of the most common past times was the same as it is today: Drinking.

  281. @kobikaicalev175

    July 6, 2024 at 6:41 pm

    The Linguistics part, is… Well, no. There are actually reconstruction

  282. @rambler123

    July 6, 2024 at 6:49 pm

    I just can’t imagine a world without TV, a hot shower, toothbrush, toothpaste, face wash, bath soap and a mattress. I am not even asking for too much…

  283. @AnnetteMurphyger

    July 6, 2024 at 6:58 pm

    Professional farters

  284. @wvcarolina

    July 6, 2024 at 7:01 pm

    Wow, she’s incredible!!!!! I want entire hour long series of her. With many seasons. This woman is a treat!

  285. @TheSateef

    July 6, 2024 at 7:11 pm

    no Iron Maiden!!!, so how would people know 666 is the number of the beast?

  286. @Peddestrian

    July 6, 2024 at 7:20 pm

    Points at Eastern Europe: “The vikings made it all the way to the Middle East” 16:41

  287. @lizardface88

    July 6, 2024 at 7:23 pm

    This sounds like modern day Scandinavian. Scottish has a lot of straight up Swedish in their everyday language. Ya canny a nu. Means exactly the same thing in Swedish and sounds nearly the same. Jag Kan inte nu. Yag kan-innty new.

  288. @Squashylemon

    July 6, 2024 at 7:26 pm

    Weird it sounds like extremely thick Irish or Scottish.

  289. @derpmaninfinite5344

    July 6, 2024 at 7:26 pm

    we need her to react to kingdom come deliverance

  290. @Squashylemon

    July 6, 2024 at 7:35 pm

    Thank god I wasn’t born in the middle ages.

  291. @georgeloukidis2321

    July 6, 2024 at 7:35 pm

    Thank you.

  292. @sarafinarose6837

    July 6, 2024 at 7:37 pm

    The language sounded much better back then

  293. @flakeyjake4177

    July 6, 2024 at 7:54 pm

    wow this was great, thank you!

  294. @Mehki227

    July 6, 2024 at 8:03 pm


  295. @EvanRath

    July 6, 2024 at 8:46 pm

    there is a video game called “kingdom come: deliverance” and it is the best / most accurate game of the middle ages

  296. @DarkFilmDirector

    July 6, 2024 at 8:57 pm

    Her point at 5:00 mark is incorrect. When the High Middle Ages began to go into the late Middle Ages, the absolute monarchy that began to take form became very inventive for the ways to enforce their will and laws on the people – but most importantly – the nobility who frequently rebelled against the monarchy or refused to pay taxes or provide men for troops in wars.

  297. @rickyal9810

    July 6, 2024 at 9:07 pm


  298. @tom_something

    July 6, 2024 at 9:11 pm

    I found that insight on teaching kids not to go into the woods particularly interesting.

  299. @rickyal9810

    July 6, 2024 at 9:12 pm

    The is indeed an Iron Maiden, I’ve seen them in concert twice…

  300. @sandman9924

    July 6, 2024 at 9:20 pm

    I’m digging this woman. Interesting historical subject matter, combined with an excellent delivery.

  301. @kianamarrie

    July 7, 2024 at 5:18 pm

    I am happy to discover that the ways I pronounced “knight” as a child was historically accurate and my teachers were technically wrong. 😅

  302. @stocktonjoans

    July 7, 2024 at 5:19 pm

    He’s blonde, he’s pissed, he’ll see you in the list! Liechtenstein, _liechtenstein!_

  303. @timvins

    July 7, 2024 at 5:38 pm

    Where does this woman get her information, Wikipedia 🤨

  304. @Nadz203

    July 7, 2024 at 5:45 pm

    😂 Animals had better rights in medieval times than they do today

  305. @ShinkuRosetta

    July 7, 2024 at 6:15 pm

    My sister-wife caught lover’s pox 😢

  306. @Valleys56xx

    July 7, 2024 at 6:18 pm

    Caerphilly Castle is my favourite Castle – crazy big

  307. @nickc6583

    July 7, 2024 at 6:21 pm

    Like Norfolk or Suffolk dialects?

  308. @wielandsmith

    July 7, 2024 at 6:37 pm

    I thought Percival also went to the grail palace in some tellings.

  309. @NordicDan

    July 7, 2024 at 7:13 pm

    “you and all your silly little…… 0:37”

  310. @fredmcveigh9877

    July 7, 2024 at 7:24 pm

    very entertaining and educational.😀

  311. @KBLIZZ333

    July 7, 2024 at 7:26 pm

    Wow I really like this lady. Apparently I’m not alone lol. Comment section agrees 👍🏼

  312. @robertdaley1194

    July 7, 2024 at 7:34 pm

    Listen to Scots it’s actually old English,House/Hoose ,Burn/Bourne ,Auld/Olde .Read some Robert Burns .

  313. @robertdaley1194

    July 7, 2024 at 7:41 pm

    Mary Queen of Scots minstrel Rizzio was stabbed to death by assailants ,in her presence .💔

  314. @MyNeonBubbles

    July 7, 2024 at 7:43 pm

    I love this woman I want another video lol

  315. @MatiasGeraldoThe2nd

    July 7, 2024 at 7:49 pm

    A lot of the stuff she’s saying can be easily debunked by a two second Google search. She should call herself an apologist for the middle ages rather than a realistic historian. A lot of these people become this after they start digging deep. Then they start white washing it up as much as they can. “It wasn’t that smelly! They lived really long! They loved their kids just like we do!” lol. It was horrifically smelly. The average age was 33 and maybe got up to mid 50s in the very very late parts. And of course it was not very smart to get very emotionally attached to their children as so many of them die young. They just kept popping out. More help on the farm! They were not the center of the universe. And they were smarter for it!

  316. @robhussey5732

    July 7, 2024 at 7:53 pm

    Isn’t there a theory that the grail is actually the DNA of christ in regards to his children and descendants?

  317. @Nope-gt6ze

    July 7, 2024 at 7:57 pm

    So Scottish then

  318. @leecook7904

    July 7, 2024 at 7:58 pm

    Does Dorsey have a YouTube channel of her own? If not she needs one. Tons of character. I dig it.

  319. @thepiousskeleton6046

    July 7, 2024 at 8:03 pm

    I love that she challenged the BS with Iron Maidens and chastity belts.

  320. @Enteinne

    July 7, 2024 at 8:04 pm

    This is one of the better guests on this channel I adore you’re excited yet factual tone throughout the video. My favorite part is the queen with two husbands.

  321. @ashleyrichards5194

    July 7, 2024 at 8:06 pm

    I thought that was Melissa Joan hart

  322. @n0ts0B9

    July 7, 2024 at 8:06 pm

    She sounds like Perrigrin Took

  323. @lmolby001

    July 7, 2024 at 8:40 pm

    Fantastic! More of these please!

  324. @nathangriffiths6218

    July 7, 2024 at 8:57 pm

    The story of the sainted greyhound in France is near identical to the tale of the hound “Gelert” in Welsh culture, which gives the town of Beddgelert it’s name.

  325. @EJDubbz

    July 7, 2024 at 9:15 pm

    9:23 I imagine the outlaws were much more dangerous than the wolves.

  326. @TiCarmie

    July 8, 2024 at 5:54 pm

    @0:46 sounds so Scottish to me 😅😅

  327. @GreenTea-Pose

    July 8, 2024 at 6:05 pm

    16:40 Points to Ukraine: “They made it to the middle east”…

    14:10 Also, that is the wildest pronunciation of Glastonbury I’ve ever heard, tf wrong with Americans🤣

    Even the cultured ones are still uncultured

  328. @evgenyvarganov1892

    July 8, 2024 at 6:33 pm

    Did she just pointed at the Dniepr region while naming it Middle East?

  329. @scilec

    July 8, 2024 at 6:56 pm

    Based on the hearing the pronunciation of the word “house” in conjunction with The Lord’s Prayer, Old English sounded like a mix between Canadian, Irish, and Spanish.

  330. @666devilknight

    July 8, 2024 at 7:04 pm

    Vikings knew who the priests of the white Christ were. They didn’t care. But, it wasn’t just them. Plenty of Christians raided and pillaged churches, too. Great wealth with little defense is tempting.

  331. @engimoore2374

    July 8, 2024 at 7:05 pm

    When I invent a time machine I’m going to take you back to my high school history class to explain everything as a primer before we go back and witness everything ourselves.

  332. @patricialong5767

    July 8, 2024 at 7:09 pm

    The royal Scots were incredibly savage to one another. Also, the royal English, and on and on and on…..!

  333. @johnharris7756

    July 8, 2024 at 7:14 pm

    Awesome! Eleanor of Aquitaine is my fav too

  334. @biomagic8959

    July 8, 2024 at 7:16 pm

    lady you’re a language professor. pls don’t talk about circadian rhythms and sleep patterns. thank you

  335. @sammyv4468

    July 8, 2024 at 7:16 pm

    Sounded like she was just speaking with a scottish accent at the beginning 😬

  336. @colleenc4830

    July 8, 2024 at 7:21 pm

    What a great video and fun speaker! Please have more of these and this woman, she’s awesome!

  337. @Poeponu

    July 8, 2024 at 7:22 pm

    I liked this video! Just sayin!

  338. @sharpright6887

    July 8, 2024 at 7:30 pm

    Dig a ditch, dig a ditch, then dig more ditches.

  339. @Vexstrasz

    July 8, 2024 at 7:40 pm

    Why is it just Trixie’s Sweedish accent 😂

  340. @bentoncushing8693

    July 8, 2024 at 7:55 pm

    Love it,,,,thank U….

  341. @KatyReminiec9399

    July 8, 2024 at 7:56 pm

    The Language of Medieval England was Anglo Saxon ….

  342. @DeafMatch

    July 8, 2024 at 8:03 pm

    yeah its possible the vikings visited usa before colombus also

  343. @ghoulwheel

    July 8, 2024 at 8:12 pm


  344. @rpower1401

    July 8, 2024 at 8:16 pm

    The grail was clearly a block of Uranium.

  345. @EchoHawk1862

    July 8, 2024 at 8:19 pm


  346. @Nnekea

    July 8, 2024 at 8:28 pm


  347. @Nnekea

    July 8, 2024 at 8:30 pm

    this video is such an AI video LOL why are you all convinced (theyre right about most of this vid)

  348. @charlotte4112

    July 8, 2024 at 8:32 pm

    I feel like any pet owner wants to canonize their animals who have passed…

  349. @tzwikiritzwikirairaai7288

    July 8, 2024 at 8:54 pm

    Those first words, huis and knegt are straight up Dutch words

  350. @TonyLeva

    July 8, 2024 at 9:00 pm

    Sounds like Scottish

  351. @MrMichaelLundberg

    July 9, 2024 at 3:42 pm

    Sounds a lot like my language, Swedish, combined with Scottish.

  352. @TwentyOne_Five

    July 9, 2024 at 4:03 pm

    0:02 holy f-—king fox

  353. @user-it1ry1cy7t

    July 9, 2024 at 4:09 pm

    but if the black death kept coming back till 1721 how did not everyone contract it?
    how did it come back, how did it stop?
    when did ppl dress like the “plague doctors”?
    how do we know all of this information? 😂
    so many questions and not enough answers.

  354. @ShifuBluestein

    July 9, 2024 at 4:43 pm

    This whole video is propaganda. The black death did not kill over 30% of the population (she claims 80%). The question implied they did not survive due to lack of vaccines, but actually, there are no vaccines for this type of plague to this day.

  355. @askel-1

    July 9, 2024 at 4:56 pm

    Being educated on medieval english by a a lady with an American accent? Interesting.
    Look up the Black Country accent an are of west midlands, uk, thats the closest existing version of anglo saxon we have left. Can’t help feeling amused and slightly affronted watching this.

  356. @Doomedmandy77

    July 9, 2024 at 4:58 pm

    So I’ve slept like a medieval person all my life.

  357. @21beal21

    July 9, 2024 at 5:06 pm

    fk yea

  358. @NORFIE123456

    July 9, 2024 at 5:06 pm

    Pretty sus that shes a medieval England professor, but is American…

  359. @julieanusman011

    July 9, 2024 at 5:24 pm

    All these braindead questions 🤦‍♂️

  360. @whosaidcate4034

    July 9, 2024 at 5:35 pm

    I’m so glued to this content. Ms Dorsey you’re awesome🫶🏼

  361. @AndreaT-u1e

    July 9, 2024 at 5:43 pm

    I feel quite personally hurt by the fact she did mention a st pid frenchwoman instead of Matilde di Canossa as a the greatest Medieval woman.

  362. @King.Mark.

    July 9, 2024 at 6:11 pm

    What did irish sound like 😢

  363. @pollyh7137

    July 9, 2024 at 6:23 pm

    This is the best video I’ve watched in years! Thank you!

  364. @user-ii4vn8hw7z

    July 9, 2024 at 6:40 pm

    If your date shows up in full medieval armor, is it going to be a good knight?

  365. @marigeobrien

    July 9, 2024 at 6:40 pm

    Besides games, people also played instruments, sang and danced for fun, as well as reading aloud to each other. Almost everyone played some kind of instrument and also made their own. It wasn’t just at parties. A family (which often included grandparents, uncles, aunts, etc.) would often sing and dance together after the evening meal, just by themselves. This has fallen so out of fashion since the advent of the Victrola that it’s all but forgotten.

  366. @hrvojebartulovic7870

    July 9, 2024 at 6:50 pm

    Dorsey Armstrong? I’d never recognise her with hair like that and I’ve watched all of her Wondrium’s plague episodes!

  367. @garethalford682

    July 9, 2024 at 6:51 pm

    A lot of Game of Thrones is based on the War of the Roses

  368. @TheSuperhomosapien

    July 9, 2024 at 7:13 pm

    18:42 According to the most accurate historical account I’ve seen of the grail legend, Ser Galahad saw an image of the Grail hovering above the Castle Anthrax and went to investigate. The amount of peril he experienced in the castle was thought to be terrible, but that assessment of the peril is still heavily debated by historians to this day.

  369. @jv-man3698

    July 9, 2024 at 7:18 pm

    Dude these questions are stupid af

  370. @juanpablosanchez5112

    July 9, 2024 at 7:24 pm

    It sound like a mixture of Old Norse, Grindcore and Death Metal style, as it could be resembled trying to pronounce “poroshenko” like Mr Barnes of Cannibal Corpse, totally gutural at least the wessex dane dialect of those times…😊

  371. @america1st721

    July 9, 2024 at 7:38 pm

    so medieval english people were it

  372. @razvanpetrut9771

    July 9, 2024 at 7:59 pm

    I puased this video at 0:20 because I already want Mrs. Dorsey to be my teacher🤌🏻🤌🏻👏🏻👏🏻👏🏻🍻

  373. @kickpublishing

    July 9, 2024 at 8:07 pm

    Dumbass vaccine question. 😂 the Black Death – like ALL plagues, was bacterial. Bacterial infections are treated with antibiotics NOT vaccines.

  374. @chericoffman6321

    July 9, 2024 at 8:55 pm

    That almost sounds more like Gaelic.

  375. @benjamindejonge3624

    July 9, 2024 at 9:03 pm

    Sounds like Frisian

  376. @Sarah-yj6lf

    July 10, 2024 at 11:45 am

    I have a medieval sleep pattern, and I always feel rested.

  377. @Zane-de5qv

    July 10, 2024 at 12:19 pm

    The person who asked why it was called the middle ages, as if the people living in that period named it, is an absolute moron. I can’t believe they seriously asked that 💀

  378. @C4rYB34R

    July 10, 2024 at 12:24 pm

    I very much enjoyed this, thank you.

  379. @hudster80

    July 10, 2024 at 12:55 pm

    sounds like a mixture of german and french

  380. @RickLWright

    July 10, 2024 at 1:50 pm

    I know you! I watched all your videos on great courses. Enjoyed them very much. And cheaper than college!

  381. @ChuckHickl

    July 10, 2024 at 3:24 pm

    So is the medieval way to say knight what the Monty Python The Knights Who Say “Ni!” skit is based on?

  382. @Celestial_cats9

    July 10, 2024 at 3:26 pm

    13:45 there is a Welsh legend almost exactly like that one about Llewyn

  383. @robertmartin7633

    July 10, 2024 at 4:05 pm

    Im pretty sure that story about the dog saving the baby is a lie. That story originated in ancient Greece and is part of Aesop’s fables.

  384. @faragraf9380

    July 10, 2024 at 4:10 pm

    i think they didn’t speak as much as you do.

  385. @HWCism

    July 10, 2024 at 4:30 pm

    Very nice. Too many ads!

  386. @festeradams3972

    July 10, 2024 at 4:40 pm

    And now we have the perfect candidate for the new “Mad King” (hint: he uses a pound of “Bronzer” in one day…). We have a cure for that…Tyrion, answer you phone!

  387. @steven469

    July 10, 2024 at 4:50 pm

    lol to the person asking about the Middle Ages.. also the person thinking people were bored in the Middle Ages.. I mean computers are pretty new! The world is rather entertaining when information isn’t readily available.

  388. @steven469

    July 10, 2024 at 4:53 pm

    Killing their good boy because they didn’t trust em.. hope that good boy lives a better second life

  389. @Piipe1984

    July 10, 2024 at 5:45 pm

    Dr Dorsey needs a channel on her own

  390. @nanomachines2985

    July 10, 2024 at 5:50 pm

    The middle ages are when all the cool things in Europe happened. The reconquista, Hispania uniting, the moores getting kicked out of Europe, the inquisition, the crusades. Good times

    • @nanomachines2985

      July 10, 2024 at 5:52 pm

      And the best part of all: the discovery of America

  391. @HeavensGremlin

    July 10, 2024 at 6:08 pm

    The word IS ‘mediaeval’. End of.

  392. @swarrin87

    July 10, 2024 at 6:26 pm

    That 19 minutes just flew by what a wonderful teacher.

  393. @0Hachiko0

    July 10, 2024 at 6:59 pm

    Honestly it just sounds like Scottish ….

  394. @christopherfulton2635

    July 10, 2024 at 7:41 pm

    Just fantastic. Would love to hear more.

  395. @simplyjanice

    July 10, 2024 at 7:48 pm

    I could listen to her talk about the Medieval stuff all day long! What an amazing professor.

  396. @zantiagof

    July 10, 2024 at 7:48 pm

    that woman is a national treasure!

  397. @domenikoperez1195

    July 10, 2024 at 8:04 pm

    In my mind, the giant snails, giant rabbits on two legs, dog headed men, and dragons are all real. They all inhabit my mind and will have a rightful place in my heart until it fails one day

  398. @brendansimonis3488

    July 10, 2024 at 8:34 pm

    Holy Milf

  399. @kentuckylucky5762

    July 10, 2024 at 8:48 pm

    Id take every class she taught..where does she teach😮

  400. @HB-ct2nv

    July 10, 2024 at 9:03 pm

    i could watch 10 hours of this

  401. @lone6523

    July 11, 2024 at 10:40 am

    No matter when I fall asleep, I wake up at 3am. Now I know why.

  402. @ramshacklefarm9957

    July 11, 2024 at 10:41 am

    So basically go listen to how the Amish talk lol. That sounds like alot of the Amish around here

  403. @Nicole_Bowden

    July 11, 2024 at 11:50 am

    Dr Armstrong is incredible. She’s so eloquently spoken and engaging to watch and listen to.

  404. @CookingwithMerlin

    July 11, 2024 at 12:09 pm

    This is dependent on where l. Not all places spoke the same.

  405. @intuitivesean443

    July 11, 2024 at 12:19 pm

    It sounds like a Monty python skit 😂 😂

  406. @stu1037

    July 11, 2024 at 1:52 pm

    “Dennis! There’s some lovely filth down here!”

  407. @stu1037

    July 11, 2024 at 1:59 pm

    12:57 religious people were going after single mothers even then. No big surprise.

  408. @KraigFang

    July 11, 2024 at 2:11 pm

    Wow… old English almost sounds French 😂

  409. @astro.2029

    July 11, 2024 at 2:12 pm

    This lady is smart AND hilarous. Please have her on the show more often! 😅🙏

  410. @KraigFang

    July 11, 2024 at 2:22 pm

    I would’ve been a court jester, I was a class clown growing up and I can still make people laugh. Also I’m a bit crazy so yeah, sometimes I push the boundaries of being funny 😂

  411. @theflyingdutchman2542

    July 11, 2024 at 2:36 pm

    Good grief, Cercey’s children are those of herself?! You wouldn’t say!

  412. @mapkomape

    July 11, 2024 at 2:49 pm

    Says “Vikings made it to middle east..” and shows Ukraine and Russia… 😒

  413. @TealComet

    July 11, 2024 at 3:04 pm

    So the Holy Grail is an object of incomprehensible horror which will drive to madness anyone who merely watches it? Okay.

  414. @user-mz8jj1vj4d

    July 11, 2024 at 3:24 pm

    Cool! This explains why English is spelled so weirdly. It’s actually just pronounced wrong! I don’t quite get the reference to French though. It sounds more like Norse or Dutch to me. Nevertheless, this is good!

  415. @hrizonsdebbie

    July 11, 2024 at 3:30 pm

    A map without Sardinia, ouch.

  416. @colmhain

    July 11, 2024 at 3:36 pm

    Ah, the San Grael caught the Sang Rael. Witty….

  417. @zi8234

    July 11, 2024 at 3:58 pm

    It was pronounced correctly. It’s not LAAAdon, it’s London and it’s PUB, not Poooob. But probably English did not even exist in the Middle Ages, they used Latin instead, because English is one of the youngest languages of Europe and the simplest, English is actually a terrible simpleton of languages.

    • @siraco4278

      July 11, 2024 at 5:58 pm

      This is the dumbest comment I have ever read. I bet you felt really smart typing this.

  418. @animanga_sensei

    July 11, 2024 at 4:12 pm

    It sounds like Danish…

  419. @megankwisdom

    July 11, 2024 at 4:26 pm

    that was thoroughly fascinating

  420. @nm3260

    July 11, 2024 at 6:03 pm

    She’s brilliant

  421. @Sinnbad21

    July 11, 2024 at 6:07 pm

    She is a fantastic guest

  422. @wendywheeler8925

    July 11, 2024 at 6:54 pm

    I really e joyed this, thanks

  423. @teresapaliwoda

    July 11, 2024 at 7:47 pm

    I love scrappy Joe!

  424. @quanwiggins

    July 11, 2024 at 7:56 pm

    Wow. This was great

  425. @PeezyElijah-sq9xr

    July 11, 2024 at 9:11 pm

    BASICLY, the Game of Thrones stuff Is based of a lot of truth. BUT, I still HATE the fact that they used a 17 teen year old girl and waited until she turned 18 to cast her with a 47 year old MAN as old as her freaking father to cast her in a sezx scene together where she was slightly uncomfortable because she had to be touched by him.

  426. @jessicaphillips5738

    July 12, 2024 at 4:08 am


  427. @Squarepeg57

    July 12, 2024 at 4:22 am

    Love this lady!

  428. @Ian.Gostling

    July 12, 2024 at 5:15 am

    Rubbish,no spoken old english as promised and no wonder,an american woman is inadequate for the task.

  429. @Koakoa45

    July 12, 2024 at 5:20 am

    So it was a mix of Irish and German accents.

  430. @saxpete

    July 12, 2024 at 5:28 am

    that’s quite Scottish

  431. @Wurdswurth

    July 12, 2024 at 6:02 am

    00:36 And all this time I thought Monty Python was just being silly. The only thing silly were the “English-Kniggits.”

  432. @user-du3wj2ru1i

    July 12, 2024 at 7:10 am

    Omg this is so much fun and i love this professor

  433. @crabapple1974

    July 12, 2024 at 7:14 am

    As a Swede it is interesting to hear because that is exactly how we pronounce “house”’ and “knight”. I wonder how much closer we were linguistically back then. Also Friesian has a lot of cognate words to Scandinavian languages aswell.

  434. @hurricanefrid

    July 12, 2024 at 9:18 am

    As a swedish person I just wanna say, that wow, the pronounciations for “house” and “knight” sounds *exactly* like how we say “hus” and “knekt”!

  435. @RickImus

    July 12, 2024 at 9:38 am

    11:30 Court Jesters were the only ones who could speak candidly to the monarchs. Kind of like Lincoln’s Team of Rivals concept.

  436. @nathanixslade

    July 12, 2024 at 10:20 am

    When I study medieval history, it seems to me that England did more bad things than the Vikings.

  437. @T1hitsTheHighestNote

    July 12, 2024 at 11:45 am

    A greyhound saint? There’s an idea for a (shiba inu) NAFO dog!

  438. @magical_michelle_

    July 12, 2024 at 12:31 pm


  439. @Mark-xh8md

    July 12, 2024 at 12:45 pm

    09:25 – But…but…. all kinds of modern city-dwellers who’ve only seen wolves on TV ASSURE US THAT THEY’RE HARMLESS!!!!

  440. @cinnamon9390

    July 12, 2024 at 12:52 pm

    Her jewelry choice is ON POINT

  441. @DevanirBarbosaOficial

    July 12, 2024 at 1:58 pm

    And there are some people that, influenced by the renascentism period and the iluminism way of thinking, that call that period “dark ages”. ignoring, for exemplo, assaid in the video, hospital and universities, criated in this period. Ok, there was a black plague, but the “materialistians” that i talked to, didn’t refered this way.

  442. @huymammin5915

    July 12, 2024 at 2:49 pm

    thats why i allways wakeup in the middle of fkn night. its a end of first sleep 🧐

  443. @djcwittz3012

    July 12, 2024 at 2:53 pm

    I’m linking this next time a Catholic says dogs don’t have souls

  444. @DevanirBarbosaOficial

    July 12, 2024 at 2:54 pm

    all these games in medieval period were better than the modern eletronics… poor us…

  445. @FerroLux00

    July 12, 2024 at 4:21 pm

    Please I need 100 episodes of this woman

  446. @InWithBothFeet

    July 12, 2024 at 4:37 pm

    I’m not a history buff, but that was interesting…

  447. @kdrcolac4360

    July 12, 2024 at 5:16 pm

    9:26 The purpose of death is population control. Doctors & chemicals won’t let anyone die. At 8 billion, there are shortages of everything. The herd needs thinning.

  448. @ejicon3099

    July 12, 2024 at 7:44 pm

    If wife sounds like “weef”, what would “qweef” sound like in Medieval English?

  449. @Looey

    July 12, 2024 at 8:07 pm

    Dr Dorsey, soooo cool !

  450. @1006tricia

    July 12, 2024 at 9:24 pm

    She is a wonderful historian. Watched her plague documentary and she is fantastic.

  451. @Celeryisgross

    July 12, 2024 at 9:50 pm

    If I had a history teacher like her I would’ve paid more attention to history in the 80’s. Please give us more of her! She’s so entertaining.

  452. @MissUltimateGinger

    July 12, 2024 at 10:04 pm

    I would watch 10 hours of this

  453. @purrisian

    July 12, 2024 at 11:45 pm


  454. @dhoop4052

    July 12, 2024 at 11:48 pm

    She’s great

  455. @marteenee88

    July 13, 2024 at 12:28 am

    Justice for Saint Guinefort!!!!!!

  456. @MikeDerucki0

    July 13, 2024 at 12:53 am

    Modern hip-hop slang is just recited medieval texts by diligent scholars

  457. @JoseSalazar-pl7mn

    July 13, 2024 at 1:01 am

    “Merely a flesh wound!”

  458. @Maddiebean570

    July 13, 2024 at 1:30 am

    Ummmm so I could rock the medieval way of sleeping.

  459. @foodiegal9923

    July 13, 2024 at 3:16 am

    Probably sounded like Elvish.

  460. @arikaelizenberry6877

    July 13, 2024 at 4:01 am

    I wish my medieval literature class had been this interesting!

  461. @anyascelticcreations

    July 13, 2024 at 7:04 am

    Thay was really beautiful, the way she said the Lord’s prayer.

  462. @MrsSmith-dz5gt

    July 13, 2024 at 10:54 am

    Please slow down the pop ups that have information. They’re impossible to read and hard to even just pause on since they go away so fast.

  463. @ElismyJudge

    July 13, 2024 at 10:57 am

    Brilliant video, thank you

  464. @wilfredv1930

    July 13, 2024 at 12:23 pm

    Medieval deserves at least 2 hours support

  465. @kilppa

    July 13, 2024 at 1:34 pm

    I like that the monk wrote up which cat peed on the manuscript. Even then they were insufferable little bastards.

  466. @hut7301

    July 13, 2024 at 2:24 pm

    so most of the medieval things people said in internet or made fun of are wrong, and how much misinformation could lead to false interpretation that people still believe today.

  467. @ftabah

    July 13, 2024 at 2:51 pm

    Scotts are still talking like in 1569, hahaha

  468. @wobblycobbly3562

    July 13, 2024 at 3:05 pm

    The “Middle Ages” question was so stupid I cant even watch the rest of the video. Yes, there are stupid questions and stupid people ask them

  469. @bcoda

    July 13, 2024 at 3:24 pm

    A question that never ever gets mentioned – what was the rest of the world up to during the white peoples’ middle age?

  470. @edwincortez6478

    July 13, 2024 at 4:06 pm

    That medieval English sounds like Scottish accent.

  471. @BaleinesVolantes

    July 13, 2024 at 4:20 pm

    Middle Ages period was more interesting than Renaissance. No wonder these Renaissance guys give them this name they were so jealous 😂

  472. @billietyree2214

    July 13, 2024 at 5:45 pm

    So the Medieval english was pretty much like today, incomprehensible.

  473. @nikolatomov2798

    July 13, 2024 at 7:03 pm

    Pointing to present day Ukraine and labeling it “the Middle East” totally lost it for me.

  474. @TheEscapistDreamer

    July 14, 2024 at 9:07 am

    The cross has been ‘lost’…hehe

  475. @TK-fm5ud

    July 14, 2024 at 9:31 am

    Sooo basically Scottish

  476. @60zeller

    July 14, 2024 at 9:49 am

    So….during the enlightenmet they made beautiful cathedrals ( built with forced labor)
    Oh, and the plague. This is the golden time?

  477. @AdrianMareEWEASANTE

    July 14, 2024 at 10:33 am

    There’s link between dyslexia and modern English. In my opinion.

  478. @MustangGuru

    July 14, 2024 at 11:01 am

    It’s possible that the Holy grail is actually the bloodline of Jesus Not a cup

  479. @shleah11

    July 14, 2024 at 12:10 pm

    Did the plague keep reoccurring into the 17 hundreds or the 17th century?

  480. @christiandulaney1638

    July 14, 2024 at 12:12 pm

    Dr. Armstrong, I know you wont read this, but WOW….what a fun video!! Id love to get more of you on this channel.

  481. @Honed-

    July 14, 2024 at 12:24 pm

    medieval period, yeah wasnt as violent… the roman period… oh boy….

  482. @Agent707

    July 14, 2024 at 12:52 pm

    Wow, that Medieval Sleep Cycle is wild! I wonder what effect it would have on our brains and cognitive abilities if we adopted that?

  483. @navytexan

    July 14, 2024 at 1:37 pm

    Social standing in those times was something no one in this time experience. Name recognition and titles meant more and could lead to stronger alliance marriages. A noble person marrying a commoner was just very unlikely and that persons standing would have been weakened greatly if they did marry down in social standing.

  484. @daltonhumann4614

    July 14, 2024 at 2:07 pm

    I need these earings and necklace 😩

  485. @shadowxthevampiressofficial

    July 14, 2024 at 2:12 pm

    What about molten metal execution? Was it just a viking thing? Did it even happen? What about the brazen bull?

  486. @artur.j.r

    July 14, 2024 at 2:20 pm

    This lady speaks so well, so engaging.

  487. @bug5317

    July 14, 2024 at 2:28 pm

    This was so much fun. I love this kind of historic information. So informative and fun.

  488. @stefanie7823

    July 14, 2024 at 2:33 pm

    I freakin love Prof Armstrong! Her Great Courses lectures are some of my favorites on audible!

  489. @dorisschneider-coutandin9965

    July 14, 2024 at 2:43 pm

    As English also is a Germanic (oh yes, would you believe it!) language, the term “knight” would actually have been pronounced much more like our German word “Knecht”, which – oddly now, back then is a different story! – means lower servant. So, it was not really “K-niggt” but the slightly softer “Knicht”. German “ch”, however, might be quite challenging to the modern English speaker to form in your throat. Basically, the medieval English was a rough mix of French, German, sometimes Gaelic, and a little dash of what we now think of as English. It was also spoken much slower than our modern day languages.

  490. @karenbaumgartel6077

    July 14, 2024 at 3:17 pm

    The person who asks about „how boring it would’ve been to have been born in medieval times, and what did they do for fun?“ should just think about the fact that they didn‘t have all the stuff we have now in most western countries and would have had to spend most of their day just surviving, working hard to feed and clothe themselves, and keep a roof over their heads!

  491. @jamiefraser0

    July 14, 2024 at 4:02 pm

    I love how she wears jewelry made out of chain mail! She a lecturer in the university, definitely.

  492. @jamiefraser0

    July 14, 2024 at 4:11 pm

    It’s interesting how different the medieval art in Germany is in contrast to the art in England.

  493. @crystalynnbearr

    July 14, 2024 at 4:38 pm

    Who is she, please? Anyone know? I need to follow this lady. I tried searching her and got nada

  494. @clydedavis1428

    July 14, 2024 at 5:03 pm

    I wake up at midnight would you be interested.

  495. @ritapoletti1159

    July 14, 2024 at 5:23 pm

    What a fascinating topic! And such a nice, charismatic lady!! I really appreciated the video, please keep uploading!!!!! Thank you!

  496. @M67Fragment

    July 14, 2024 at 5:53 pm

    The chainmail-esque necklace she’s wearing goes so undeniably hard!

  497. @44DHernandez

    July 14, 2024 at 7:06 pm

    Eleanor is my favorite!

  498. @Gravuun

    July 14, 2024 at 7:58 pm

    Love her chain mail jewelry

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Bravery, Brilliance and RuPaul Charles | On the Spot | TED

In the debut of TED’s new “On the Spot” rapid-fire Q&A format, Emmy-winning television superstar and drag icon RuPaul Charles answers questions about bravery, brilliance and more — all with his signature wit and wisdom. Get a glimpse inside RuPaul’s head and hear his thoughts on the power of drag, the best way to slay,…



In the debut of TED’s new “On the Spot” rapid-fire Q&A format, Emmy-winning television superstar and drag icon RuPaul Charles answers questions about bravery, brilliance and more — all with his signature wit and wisdom. Get a glimpse inside RuPaul’s head and hear his thoughts on the power of drag, the best way to slay, the most important personality trait — and the best advice he’s ever been given. (Featuring an equally rapid-fire Q&A with TED’s Helen Walters.)

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‘The Boys’ Cast Answer The Web’s Most Searched Questions | WIRED

The cast of Amazon Prime Video’s hit series “The Boys” answer their most searched questions from Google. Is the show exactly like the comic series it’s adapated from? Who from “The Boys” is in the spinoff “Gen V?” Does Chace Crawford sing? How did Laz Alonso become famous? Was Jessie T. Usher really on “Hannah…



The cast of Amazon Prime Video’s hit series “The Boys” answer their most searched questions from Google. Is the show exactly like the comic series it’s adapated from? Who from “The Boys” is in the spinoff “Gen V?” Does Chace Crawford sing? How did Laz Alonso become famous? Was Jessie T. Usher really on “Hannah Montana?” How did Antony Starr get the role of Homelander? These questions and many more are answered on the WIRED Autocomplete Interview.

Season 4 of The Boys premieres June 13 on Prime Video (finale on July 18)

Director: Jackie Phillips
Director of Photography: Ricardo Pomares
Editor: Estan Esparza
Talent: Laz Alonso; Chace Crawford; Antony Starr; Jessie T. Usher
Creative Producer: Justin Wolfson
Line Producer: Joseph Buscemi
Associate Producer: Paul Gulyas
Production Manager: Peter Brunette
Talent Booker: Mica Medoff
Camera Operator: Chris Davidson; Osiris Larkin
Sound Mixer: Kari Barber; Chris Omae
Production Assistant: Lauren Boucher; Spencer Mathesen
Post Production Supervisor: Christian Olguin
Post Production Coordinator: Ian Bryant
Supervising Editor: Doug Larsen
Additional Editor: Jason Malizia
Assistant Editor: Andy Morell

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How Fireworks Are Made

Pyrotechnician Patrick Cyrana joins WIRED to explain how fireworks are designed. Still haven’t subscribed to WIRED on YouTube? ►► Listen to the Get WIRED podcast ►► Want more WIRED? Get the magazine ►► Follow WIRED: Instagram ►► Twitter ►► Facebook ►► Tik Tok ►► Also, check out the free WIRED channel on Roku, Apple TV,…



Pyrotechnician Patrick Cyrana joins WIRED to explain how fireworks are designed.

Still haven’t subscribed to WIRED on YouTube? ►►
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